Archaeological places in Anaxos


Around Anaxos, there are two old fortresses: Kaletsik fortress and Selles fortress.

Kalatsik fortress


The "Kaletsik" in Turkish means "little kales" namely small fortress. At one edge of the mountain Skoteino, south, is a low rock with a small valley. There is about three meters tall and long enough (about 15 meters) wall west-facing . It is built with stone, inlaid stone and bricks. There is formed a flat surface at the angle of the rock, while the smooth slope soil is full of residues of medieval pottery.So medieval fortress, which saw at Anaxos beach and at the small valley to the west.  At the valley of the fortress are shells and handles of ash Lesbian vases of antiquity and a rock-hewn tomb. On the other side of the hill next to a very old well, is another tomb carved in brown rock. There is also the region Paliambela, the valley with exit in a small beach filled with coarse pebble near Anaxos beach. There  was cultivated  vine, many years ago.


Selles Fortress


Selles,a name from the ancient name of "Saddles", but it may be just of the shape that is likened to the saddle of the horse. It is an elevation of about 2100 meters north of the plain above Anaxosand Petra, reaching  109 meters above sea. It is the third hill closed from the southwest valley. One of the peaks starts from the sea and forms with the valley Kaletsik the valley at Paliambela. The middle peak is a little further back, to the west, while the south peak is the hill, at the foot of which, in the grove are the remains of the settlement.Between the north and middle peak is a rectangular tower, the tiles show that the tower was tiled, which is framed by a wall so as to form a small fortress.Other gardens, complete or not, wandering the slopes of the hill, except the parties that themselves were forts. The gardens are rather roughly built, had a dual purpose, retaining and defensive. (Kontis, 1978). So there is a masterpiece of fortification art surpasses these pieces are preserved in Mytilene, Eressos,  Pyrra and Antissa. The part of the garden with small rectangular bastion facing the northwest, is kept in a small amount. The perfect fit of the joints in the corners, straight and curved lines, make the outside surface of a unified whole and that all projects have been carved up into a brown wall. Particular meticulous stonework , with fine tuning of the stones and faired surface. (Axiotis, 1992) The fort dates back to the second half of the 6th century or early 5th century BC. The tower, at the west side, also maintained a remarkable part. The Fortress at Selles was vital for this place here, and the fire was visible from the small fort on Petra’s sland and  from Mithimna’ s castle.

Reference: ΑξιώτηςΜάκης, ΠερπατώνταςτηΛέσβο, ΤόμοςΑ’, Μυτιλήνη, 1992


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