Lesvos is third bigger island of Greece after Crete and Evia, having area of 1630 sq. km. Rhodes followed with 1404 Among the Mediterranean islands Lesvos is the seventh.

The shape of the island is approximately triangular with rounded corners. The top is facing north. At the coast various bays are formed that divide the island into separate peninsulas. The largest and most important of these is two bays, Kalloni and Gera.

Each of the separate peninsulas which shares the island has the center of one mountain which the main body, the slopes and its offshoots covers most of the surface.

In southern peninsula formed between the two large bays Gera and Kalloni, there is Olympus, the highest mountain of the island.
The geographical position of Lesvos is currently defined by the coordinates: 39o21'' as  38o  37' 30'' .(Κόντης, 1978)




The island has a temperate climate as Aegean island. The winter of Lesvos is rather mild with very frequent bouts opposite needs to be highlighted. The same happens in the summer.



The population of Lesvos island in 1931 was estimated at 141,862 residents. This increase was due to the implementation of the Lausanne Agreement for the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey. During this period in Lesvos installed more than 30,000 refugees came from the opposite coast of Asia Minor, while  the Turks, who fled, did not reach either half of that number.  (Κόντης, 1978). It is indicated that the population of Lesvos island fluctuated in the census of 1981 to 104,636 residents, the census of 1991 to 105,082 residents, the census 2001 to 109,118 residents, the census 2011 to 85,330 residents. 



Κόντης Ι. Δ., Λέσβος και η Μικρασιατική της περιοχή, 1978



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